Lesson 6: Negative Sentences in Korean

Negative Sentences

Basic negative word is 아니다 (not).

Basic Sentence: A is B——–A 는 B입니다
Negative Sentence : A is not B. —-  A는 B가(이) 아닙니다.
If Word B has a bottom consonant, we use 이.
If Word B has no bottom consonant, we use 가.
Practice

1) I am a student. – 나는 학생입니다.
( na-neun-hak-saeng-im-ni-da)
I am not a student.  – 나는 학생이 아닙니다
(na-neun-hak-saeng-ee-ah-nim-ni-da)

2) That is a school- 저것은 학교입니다.
(ju-gu-seun-hak-gyo-im-ni-da)
That is not a school – 저것은 학교가 아닙니다
(ju-gu-seun-hak-gyokga-ah-nim-ni-da)

Basic Sentence: A go to B – A는 B에 갑니다.
Negative Sentence  A don’t (doesn’t) go to B —– A는 B에 가지않습니다.
——A는 B에 안갑니다.

Note that word 않습니다 has mixed bottom consonant ㄶ
(ㅎdoesn’t make any sound.)

Practice

1)    I go to school.- 나는 학교에 갑니다
(na-neun-hak-gyo-eh-gam-ni-da)
I don’t go to school- 나는 학교에 가지않습니다.
(na-neun-hak-gyo-eh-ga-ji-an-seum-ni-da)
–    나는 학교에 안갑니다
(na-neun-hak-gyo-eh-an-gam-ni-da)

2) They went to the park.-그들은 공원에 갔습니다.
(geu-deul-eun-gong-won-eh-gat-seum-ni-da)
They didn’t go to the park – 그들은 공원에 가지않았습니다.
(geu deul-eun-gong-won-eh-ga-ji-an-gat-seum-ni-da)
–    그들은 공원에 안갔습니다.
(geu-deul-eun-gong-won-eh-an-gat-seum-ni-da)

3) Are you a student? – 당신은 학생입니까?
(dang-shin-eun-hak-saeng-im-ni gga?)
Aren’t you a student? – 당신은 학생이 아닙니까?
(dang-shin-eun-hak-saeng-ee-ah-nim-ni-gga?)

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3 Responses to Lesson 6: Negative Sentences in Korean

  1. Chummey says:

    what about haeyo style? could it be like 나 는 학생 이 아 니에 요
    i am not a student right? na neun hak-saeng i-a-ni-eh-yo

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