Object Particle: 를 (leul), 을 (eul)
If object has bottom consonant, 을 (eul) comes after object.
If object has no bottom consonant, 를 (leul) comes after object.
I met a friend. – 나는 친구를 만났습니다.
(na neun chin goo leul man nat seum ni da)
I ate dinner with my friend. – 나는 친구와 저녁을 먹었습니다.
(na neun chin goo wa ju nyuk eul muk ut seum ni da)
Possessive Particle: 의 (eui)
Possesive Particle is like My, Your, Our, ‘s etc.
My friend came to America. – 나의 친구가 미국에 왔습니다.
(na eui chin goo ga mi gook eh wat seum ni da)
My Brother’s bag is red. – 나의 동생의 가방은 빨간색입니다.
(na eui dong saeng eui ga bang eun bbal gan saek im ni da)
Side by Side Particle : 와 (wa), 과 (gwa)
와(wa) comes if the word in front of it has no bottom consonant.
과(gwa) comes it the word in front on it has bottom consonant.
Steve and I go to same school. – 스티브와 나는 같은 학교에 다닙니다
(Steve wa na neun ga teun hak gyo eh da nim ni da)
I went to baseball park with my friends.- 나는 친구들과 야구장에 갔습니다.
(na neun chin goo deul gwa ya goo jang eh gat seum ni da)
5 thoughts on “Lesson 11: Other Particles 1”
Very nice website indeed, but I have one question:
why the particle 를 is transcribed as leul, since it’s never pronounced like this? ㄹsound between vowels is pronounced as “r”.
Anyway, keep up the good work!!
In Korean, there actually isn’t any “r” pronunciations. I know it’s confusing. I think some Romanization standards use r instead of l. I use “l” for all ㄹ.
My understanding is that in this instance it’s ‘leul’, but the pronounciation is nearer to an English ‘r’ when it appears at the start of a set of characters.
For instance, the ‘라’ in 라면 sounds more like ‘ra’ than for instance ‘열’ which is more like a pure L as it would be in English. So if a syllable starts with a ㄹ it’s more like an r (but different), and if it ends its basically an L. Try some combinations with NeoSpeech.
스티브와 나는 같은 학교에 다닙니다.
같은- are you able to use the subject marker/topic marker twice in a sentence? if so could you explain. and does wa and gwa connect to nouns in a sentence?
another way of saying 나의 is 내. right?
and another way of saying 너의 is 네 right? im not sure. can someone tell me.