Lesson 11: Other Particles 1

Object Particle: 를 (leul), 을 (eul)

If object has bottom consonant, 을 (eul) comes after object.
If object has no bottom consonant, 를 (leul) comes after object.

I met a friend. – 나는 친구를 만났습니다.
(na neun chin goo leul man nat seum ni da)
I ate dinner with my friend. – 나는 친구와 저녁을 먹었습니다.
(na neun chin goo wa ju nyuk eul muk ut seum ni da)

Possessive Particle: 의 (eui)

Possesive Particle is like My, Your, Our, ‘s etc.

My friend came to America. – 나의 친구가 미국에 왔습니다.
(na eui chin goo ga mi gook eh wat seum ni da)

My Brother’s bag is red. – 나의 동생의 가방은  빨간색입니다.
(na eui dong saeng eui ga bang eun bbal gan saek im ni da)

Side by Side Particle : 와 (wa), 과 (gwa)

와(wa) comes if the word in front of it has no bottom consonant.
과(gwa) comes it the word in front on it has bottom consonant.

Steve and I go to same school. – 스티브와 나는 같은 학교에 다닙니다
(Steve wa na neun ga teun hak gyo eh da nim ni da)
I went to baseball park with my friends.- 나는 친구들과 야구장에 갔습니다.
(na neun chin goo deul gwa ya goo jang eh gat seum ni da)

5 thoughts on “Lesson 11: Other Particles 1”

  1. Hi!
    Very nice website indeed, but I have one question:
    why the particle 를 is transcribed as leul, since it’s never pronounced like this? ㄹsound between vowels is pronounced as “r”.
    Anyway, keep up the good work!!

    1. In Korean, there actually isn’t any “r” pronunciations. I know it’s confusing. I think some Romanization standards use r instead of l. I use “l” for all ㄹ.

    2. My understanding is that in this instance it’s ‘leul’, but the pronounciation is nearer to an English ‘r’ when it appears at the start of a set of characters.

      For instance, the ‘라’ in 라면 sounds more like ‘ra’ than for instance ‘열’ which is more like a pure L as it would be in English. So if a syllable starts with a ㄹ it’s more like an r (but different), and if it ends its basically an L. Try some combinations with NeoSpeech.

  2. 스티브와 나는 같은 학교에 다닙니다.
    같은- are you able to use the subject marker/topic marker twice in a sentence? if so could you explain. and does wa and gwa connect to nouns in a sentence?

  3. another way of saying 나의 is 내. right?
    and another way of saying 너의 is 네 right? im not sure. can someone tell me.

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